The Keto Diet Paperback – Sources

A complete list of the sources used for The Keto Diet: The Complete Guide to a High-Fat Diet, written by Leanne Vogel.

Abdel-Aal, El-Sayed M., Humayoun Akhtar, Khalid Zaheer, and Rashida Ali. “Dietary Sources of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Carotenoids and Their Role in Eye Health.” Nutrients 5, no. 4 (2013): 1169–85. doi: 10.3390/nu5041169.

Aburto, Nancy J., Sara Hanson, Hialy Gutierrez, Lee Hooper, Paul Elliott, and Francesco P. Cappuccio. “Effect of Increased Potassium Intake on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses.” British Medical Journal 346 (2013): f1378. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f1378.

Achten, Juul, and Asker E. Jeukendrup. “Optimizing Fat Oxidation Through Exercise and Diet.” Nutrition 20, no. 7 (2004): 716–27.

Afaghi, Ahmad, Helen O’Connor, and Chin Moi Chow. High-Glycemic-Index Carbohydrate Meals Shorten Sleep Onset.” American Society for Clinical Nutrition 85, no. 2 (2007): 426–30.

Ainslie, Deborah A., Joseph Proietto, Barbara C. Fam, and Anne W. Thorburn. “Short-Term, High-Fat Diets Lower Circulating Leptin Concentrations in Rats.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71, no. 2 (2000): 438–42.

Aksungar, F. B., A. E. Topkaya, and M. Akyildiz. “Interleukin-6, C-Reactive Protein and Biochemical Parameters During Prolonged Intermittent Fasting.” Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 51, no. 1 (2007): 88–95. doi: 10.1159/000100954.

Alberts, Bruce, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, and Peter Walter. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 4th ed. New York: Garland Science, 2002.

Alirezaei, Mehrdad, Christopher C. Kemball, Claudia T. Flynn, Malcolm R. Wood, J. Lindsay Whitton, and William B. Kiosses. “Short-Term Fasting Induces Profound Neuronal Autophagy.” Autophagy 6 no. 6 (2010): 702–10. doi: 10.4161/auto.6.6.12376.

Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi A., Prasad V. Maddukuri, Hui Han, and Richard H. Karas. “Effect of the Magnitude of Lipid Lowering on Risk of Elevated Liver Enzymes, Rhabdomyolysis, and Cancer.” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 50, no. 5 (2007): 409–18. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2007.02.073.

Anson, Michael R., Zhihong Guo, Rafael de Cabo, Titilola Iyun, Michelle Rios, Adrienne Hagepanos, Donald K. Ingram, Mark A. Lane, and Mark P. Mattson. “Intermittent Fasting Dissociates Beneficial Effects of Dietary Restriction on Glucose Metabolism and Neuronal Resistance to Injury from Calorie Intake.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, no. 10 (2003): 6216–20. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1035720100.

Armstrong, David, Andrew C. Don-Wauchope, and Elena F. Verdu. “Testing for Gluten-Related Disorders in Clinical Practice: The Role of Serology in Managing the Spectrum of Gluten Sensitivity.” Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology 25, no. 4 (2011): 193–197.

Austin, Gregory L., Christine B. Dalton, Yuming Hu, Carolyn B. Morris, Jane Hankins, Stephan R. Weinland, Eric C. Westman, William S. Yancy, Jr., and Douglas A. Drossman. “A Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet Improves Symptoms and Quality of Life in Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome.” Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 7, no. 6 (2009): 706–8. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2009.02.023.

Bannai, Makoto, Nobuhiro Kawai, Kaori Ono, Keiko Nakahara, and Noboru Murakami. “The Effects of Glycine on Subjective Daytime Performance in Partially Sleep-Restricted Healthy Volunteers.” Frontiers in Neurology 3 (2012): 61. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2012.00061.

Basu, Arpita, Mei Du, Misti J. Leyva, Karah Sanchez, Nancy M. Betts, Mingyuan Wu, Christopher E. Aston, and Timothy J. Lyons. “Blueberries Decrease Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese Men and Women with Metabolic Syndrome.” Journal of Nutrition 140, no. 9 (2010): 1582–87. doi: 10.3945/jn.110.124701.

Batterham, Rachel L., Helen Heffron, Saloni Kapoor, Joanna E. Chivers, Keval Chandarana, Herbert Herzog, Carel W. Le Roux, E. Louise Thomas, Jimmy D. Bell, and Dominic J. Withers. “Critical Role for Peptide YY in Protein-Mediated Satiation and Body-Weight Regulation.” Cell Metabolism 4, no. 3(2006): 223–33. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2006.08.001.

Béliveau, Richard, and Denis Gingras. “Role of Nutrition in Preventing Cancer.” Canadian Family Physician 53, no. 11 (2007): 1905–11.

Beresford, Shirley A. A., Karen C. Johnson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Norman L. Lasser, Linda G. Snetselaar, Henry R. Black, Garnet L. Anderson et al. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Colorectal Cancer the Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial.” Journal of the American Medical Association 295, no. 6 (2006): 643–54. doi: 10.1001/jama.295.6.643.

Berg, J. M., J. L. Tymoczko, L. Stryer. “Fuel Choice During Exercise Is Determined by Intensity and Duration of Activity.” Section 30.4 in Biochemistry, 5th ed. New York: W. H. Freeman, 2002.

Bialek, Agnieszka, and Andrzej Tokarz. “Conjugated Linoleic Acid As A Potential Protective Factor In Prevention Of Breast Cancer.” Postępy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej (Advances in Hygiene and Experimental Medicine) 67 (2013): 6–14. doi: 10.5604/17322693.1028764.

Bielohuby, Maximilian, Dominik Menhofer, Henriette Kirchner, Barbara J. M. Stoehr, Timo D. Müller, Peggy Stock, Madlen Hempel et al. “Induction of Ketosis in Rats Fed Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diets Depends on the Relative Abundance of Dietary Fat and Protein.” Journal of PhysiologyEndocrinology and Metabolism 300, no. 1 (2010): E65–76. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00478.2010.

Blom, Wendy A. M., Anne Lluch, Annette Stafleu, Sophie Vinoy, Jens J. Holst, Gertjan Schaafsma, and Henk F. J. Hendriks. “Effect of a High-Protein Breakfast on the Postprandial Ghrelin Response.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 83, no. 2 (2006): 211–20.

Bosse, John D., and Brian M. Dixon. “Dietary Protein to Maximize Resistance Training: A Review and Examination of Protein Spread and Change Theories.” Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 42, no. 9 (2012). doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-9-42.

Brehm, Bonnie J., Randy J. Seeley, Stephen R. Daniels, and David A. D’Alessio. “A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women.” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 88, no. 4 (2003): 1617–23. doi: 10.1210/jc.2002-021480

Buijsse, Brian, Edith J. M. Feskens, Frans J. Kok, and Daan Kromhout. “Cocoa Intake, Blood Pressure, and Cardiovascular Mortality: The Zutphen Elderly Study.” Archives of Internal Medicine 166. no. 4 (2006): 411–17. doi: 10.1001/archinte.166.4.411.

Burdge, Graham C., and Philip C. Calder. “Conversion of Alpha-Linolenic Acid to Longer-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Human Adults.” Reproduction Nutrition Development 45, no. 5 (2005): 581–97. doi: 10.1051/rnd:2005047.

Campbell-McBride, Natasha. “Cholesterol: Friend or Foe?” Weston A. Price Foundation. Posted on May 4, 2008.

Campos, Hannia, Jacques J. Genest, Jr., Erling Blijlevens, Judith R. McNamara, Jennifer L. Jenner, José M Ordovas, Peter W. F. Wilson, and Ernst J. Schaefer. “Low Density Lipoprotein Particle Size and Coronary Artery Disease.” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 12, no. 2 (1992): 187–95.

Canadian Medical Association. “Intermittent Fasting: The Science of Going Without.” Canadian Medical Association Journal 185, no. 9 (2013). doi: 10.1503/cmaj.109–4451.

Carr, Richard D., Marianne O. Larsen, Maria Sörhede Winzell, Katarina Jelic, Ola Lindgren, Carolyn F. Deacon, and Bo Ahrén. “Incretin and Islet Hormonal Responses to Fat and Protein Ingestion in Healthy Men.” American Journal of PhysiologyEndocrinology and Metabolism 295, no. 4 (1990): E779–84. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008.

Chalon, Sylvie, Sylvie Vancassel, Luc Zimmer, Denis Guilloteau, and Georges Durand. “Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cerebral Function: Focus on Monoaminergic Neurotransmission.” Lipids 36, no. 9 (2001): 937–44. doi: 10.1007/s11745-001-0804-7.

Chavarro, J. E., J. W. Rich-Edwards, B. Rosner, and Walter C. Willett. “A Prospective Study of Dairy Foods Intake and Anovulatory Infertility.” Human Reproduction 22, no. 5 (2007):1340–47. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dem019.

Chew, Kew-Kim, Alexandra Bremner, Bronwyn Stuckey, Carolyn Earle, and Konrad Jamrozik. “Original Research-Erectile Dysfunction: Alcohol Consumption and Male Erectile Dysfunction: An Unfounded Reputation for Risk?” The Journal of Sexual Medicine 6, no. 5 (2009): 1386–1394. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01115.x.

Chin, Jenna M., Michele L. Merves, Bruce A. Goldberger, Angela Sampson-Cone, and Edward J. Cone. “Caffeine Content of Brewed Teas.” Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 32, no. 8 (2008): 702–04. doi: 10.1093/jat/32.8.702.

Christakis, George, Seymour H. Rinzler, Morton Archer, and Arthur Kraus. “Effect of The Anti-Coronary Club Program on Coronary Heart Disease Risk-Factor Status.” Journal of the American Medical Association 198, no. 6 (1966): 597–604. doi: 10.1001/jama.1966.03110190079022.

Conn, Jerome W. “The Advantage of a High Protein Diet in the Treatment of Spontaneous Hypoglycemia: Preliminary Report.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 15, no. 6, (1936): 673–78. doi: 10.1172/JCI100819.

Conn, Jerome W., and L. H. Newburgh. “The Glycemic Response to Isoglucogenic Quantities of Protein and Carbohydrate.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 15, no. 6 (1936): 665–71. doi: 10.1172/JCI100818.

Connor, William E., and Sonja L. Connor. “The Importance of Fish and Docosahexaenoic Acid in Alzheimer Disease.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 85, no. 4 (2007): 929–30.

Corwin, Rebecca L., Terryl J. Hartman, Steven A. Maczuga, and Barry I. Graubard. “Dietary Saturated Fat Intake Is Inversely Associated with Bone Density in Humans: Analysis of NHANES III.” Journal of Nutrition 136, no. 1 (2006): 159–65.

Crozier, Stephen J., Amy G. Preston, Jeffrey W. Hurst, Mark J. Payne, Julie Mann, Larry Hainly, and Debra L. Miller. “Cacao Seeds Are a ‘Super Fruit’: A Comparative Analysis of Various Fruit Powders and Products.” Chemistry Central Journal 5 (2011): 5. doi: 10.1186/1752-153X-5-5.

Dahl-Jorgensen, Knut, Geir Joner, and Kristian F. Hanssen. “Relationship Between Cows’ Milk Consumption and Incidence of IDDM in Childhood.” Diabetes Care 14, no. 11 (1991): 1081–83. doi: 10.2337/diacare.14.11.1081.

Daley, Cynthia A., Amber Abbott, Patrick S. Doyle, Glenn A. Nader, and Stephanie Larson. “A Review of Fatty Acid Profiles and Antioxidant Content in Grass-Fed and Grain-Fed Beef.” Nutrition Journal 9, no. 10 (2010). doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-9-10.

Davis, P. G., and Stephen D. Phinney. “Differential Effects of Two Very Low Calorie Diets on Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance.” International Journal of Obesity 14, no. 9 (1990): 779–87.

de Roos, Nicole M., Evert G. Schouten, and Martjin B. Katan. “Consumption of a Solid Fat Rich in Lauric Acid Results in a More Favorable Serum Lipid Profile in Healthy Men and Women than Consumption of a Solid Fat Rich in Trans-Fatty Acids.” Journal of Nutrition 131, no. 2 (2001): 242–45.

de Souza, Russell J., Andrew Mente, Adriana Maroleanu, Adrian I. Cozma, Vanessa Ha, Teruko Kishibe, Elizabeth Uleryk et al. “Intake of Saturated and Trans Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Risk of All Cause Mortality, Cardiovascular Disease, and Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.” British Medical Journal 351 (2015): h3978. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h3978.

Dhawan, Veena, and Sanjay Jain. “Garlic Supplementation Prevents Oxidative DNA Damage in Essential Hypertension.” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 275 (2005); 275: 85–94. doi: 10.1007/s11010-005-0824-2.

Dinan, T. G., and J. F. Cryan. (2013). “Melancholic Microbes: A Link Between Gut Microbiota and Depression?” Neurogastroenterology and Motility 25, no. 9 (2013): 713–19. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12198.

Djoussé, Luc, Paul N. Hopkins, Donna K. Arnett, James S. Pankow, Ingrid Borecki, Kari E. North, and R. Curtis Ellison. “Chocolate Consumption Is Inversely Associated with Calcified Atherosclerotic Plaque in the Coronary Arteries: The NHLBI Family Heart Study.” Clinical Nutrition 30, no. 1 (2011): 38–43.

Donaghue, K. C., M. M. Pena, A. K. Chan, B. L. Blades, J. King, L. H. Storlien, and M. Silink. “Beneficial Effects of Increasing Monounsaturated Fat Intake in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes.” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 48, no. 3 (2000): 193–99. doi: 10.1016/S0168-8227(00)00123-6.

Dulloo, A. G., M. Fathi, N. Mensi, and L. Girardier L. “Twenty-Four-Hour Energy Expenditure And Urinary Catecholamines Of Humans Consuming Low-To-Moderate Amounts Of Medium-Chain Triglycerides: A Dose-Response Study In A Human Respiratory Chamber.” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, no. 3 (1996): 152–58.

Eckel, Robert H., Alan S. Hanson, Arnold Y. Chen, Jeffrey N. Berman, Trudy J. Yost, and Eric P. Brass. “Dietary Substitution of Medium-Chain Triglycerides Improves Insulin-Mediated Glucose Metabolism in NIDDM Subjects.” Diabetes 41, no. 5 (1992): 641–47. doi: 10.2337/diab.41.5.641.

Enig, Mary. “Saturated Fats and the Lungs.” Weston A. Price Foundation. Posted on June 30, 2000.

Enriori, Pablo J., Anne E. Evans, Puspha Sinnayah, and Michael A. Cowley. “Leptin Resistance and Obesity.” Obesity 14, no. S8 (2006): 254S–58S. doi: 10.1038/oby.2006.319.

Environmental Working Group. “EWG’s 2016 Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce.” Environmental Working Group, 2016.

Esfahani, Amin, Julia M. W. Wong, Arash Mirrahimi, Chris R. Villa, and Cyril W. C. Kendall. “The Application of the Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load In Weight Loss: A Review of the Clinical Evidence.” International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 63, no. 1 (2011): 7–13. doi: 10.1002/iub.418.

Faeh, David, Kaori Minehira, Jean-Marc Schwarz, Raj Periasamy, Seongsoo Park, and Luc Tappy. “Effect of Fructose Overfeeding and Fish Oil Administration on Hepatic De Novo Lipogenesis and Insulin Sensitivity in Healthy Men.” Diabetes July 54, no. 7 (2005): 1907–13. doi: 10.2337/diabetes.54.7.1907.

Faris, Mo’es Al-Islam E., Safia Kacimi, Ref’at A. Al-Kurd, Mohammad A. Fararjeh, Yasser K. Bustanji, Mohammad K. Mohammad, and Mohammad L. Salem. “Intermittent Fasting During Ramadan Attenuates Proinflammatory Cytokines and Immune Cells in Healthy Subjects.” Nutrition Research 32, no. 12 (2012): 947–55. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2012.06.021.

Feranil, Alan B., Paulita L. Duazo, Christopher W. Kuzawa, and Linda S. Adair. “Coconut Oil Predicts a Beneficial Lipid Profile in Pre-Menopausal Women in the Philippines.” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20, no. 2 (2011): 190–195.

Foran, Jeffery A., David O. Carpenter, M. Coreen Hamilton, Barbara A. Knuth, Steven J. Schwager. “Risk-Based Consumption Advice for Farmed Atlantic and Wild Pacific Salmon Contaminated with Dioxins and Dioxin-Like Compounds.” Environmental Health Perspectives 113, no. 5 (2005): 552–56. doi: 10.1289%2Fehp.7626.

Forsythe, Cassandra E., Stephen D. Phinney, Maria Luz Fernandez, Erin E. Quann, Richard J. Wood, Doug M. Bibus, William J. Kraemer, Richard D. Feinman, and Jeff S. Volek. “Comparison of Low Fat and Low Carbohydrate Diets on Circulating Fatty Acid Composition and Markers of Inflammation.” Lipids 43, no. 1 (2008): 65–77. doi: 10.1007/s11745-007-3132-7.

Foster, Jane A., and Karen-Anne McVey Neufeld. “Gut-brain axis: how the microbiome influences anxiety and depression.” Trends Neurosci 36, no. 5 (2013): 305–12. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2013.01.005.

Gao, Zhanguo, Jun Yin, Jin Zhang, Robert E. Ward, Roy J. Martin, Michael Lefevre, William T. Cefalu, and Jianping Ye. “Butyrate Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Increases Energy Expenditure in Mice.” Diabetes 58, no. 7 (2009): 1509–17. doi: 10.2337/db08-1637.

Gargouri, Boutheina, Akram Zribi, and Mohamed Bouaziz. “Effect of Containers on the Quality of Chemlali Olive Oil During Storage.” Journal of Food Science and Technology 52, no. 4 (2015): 1948–59. doi: 10.1007/s13197-014-1273-2.

Gerster, Helga. “Can Adults Adequately Convert Alpha-Linolenic Acid (18:3n-3) to Eicosapentaenoic Acid (20:5n-3) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (22:6n-3)?” International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 68, no. 3 (1998): 159–73.

Gibson, A. A., R.V. Seimon, C. M. Lee, J. Ayre, J. Franklin, T. P. Markovic, I. D. Caterson, and A. Sainsbury. “Do Ketogenic Diets Really Suppress Appetite? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Obesity Reviews 16, no. 1 (2015): 64–76. doi: 10.1111/obr.12230.

Ginsberg, Henry, Jerrold M. Olefsky, George Kimmerling, Phyllis Crapo, and Gerald M. Reaven. “Induction of Hypertriglyceridemia by a Low-Fat Diet.” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 42, no. 4 (2016): 729–35. doi: 10.1210/jcem-42-4-729.

Gopinath, Bamini, Anette E. Buyken, Victoria M. Flood, Marianne Empson, Elena Rochtchina, and Paul Mitchell. “Consumption of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Fish, and Nuts and Risk of Inflammatory Disease Mortality.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 93, no. 5 (2011): 1073–79. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.009977.

Gross, Lee S., Li Li, Earl S. Ford ES, and Simin Liu. “Increased Consumption of Refined Carbohydrates and the Epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes in the United States: An Ecologic Assessment.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 79, no. 5 (2004): 774–79.

Håkan Melhus, and Liisa Byberg. “Milk Intake and Risk of Mortality and Fractures in Women and Men: Cohort Studies.” British Medical Journal 349 (2014): g6015. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g6015.

Hamazaki T., H. Okuyama, Y. Ogushi, and R. Hama. “Towards A Paradigm Shift in Cholesterol Treatment: A Re-Examination of the Cholesterol Issue in Japan.” Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 66, suppl. 4 (2015): 1–116. doi: 10.1159/000381654.

Hanif Palla, Amber, and Anwar-ul Hassan Gilani. “Dual Effectiveness of Flaxseed in Constipation and Diarrhea: Possible Mechanism.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 169 (2015): 60–8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.064.

Hanif Palla, Amber, Naveed Ahmed Khan, Samra Bashir, Najeeb ur-Rehman, Junaid Iqbal, and Anwar-ul Hassan Gilani. “Pharmacological Basis for the Medicinal Use of Linum Usitatissimum (Flaxseed) in Infectious and Non-Infectious Diarrhea.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 160 (2015): 61–8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.11.030.

Hannan, Marian T., Katherine L. Tucker, Bess Dawson-Hughes, L. Adrienne Cupples, David T. Felson, and Douglas P. Kiel. “Effect of Dietary Protein on Bone Loss in Elderly Men and Women: The Framingham Osteoporosis Study.” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 15, no. 12 (2000): 2504–12. doi: 10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.12.2504.

Havemann, L., S. J. West, J. H. Goedecke, I. A. Macdonald, A. St. Clair Gibson, T. D. Noakes, and E. V. Lambert. “Fat Adaptation Followed by Carbohydrate Loading Compromises High-Intensity Sprint Performance.” Journal of Applied Physiology 100, no. 1 (2006): 194–202. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00813.2005

Heilbronn, Leonie K., Steven R. Smith, Corby Martin, Stephen D. Anton, and Eric Ravussin. “Alternate-Day Fasting in Non-Obese Subjects: Effects on Body Weight, Body Composition, and Energy Metabolism.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 81, no. 1 (2005): 69–73.,

Henderson, Samuel T. “Ketone Bodies as a Therapeutic for Alzheimer’s Disease.” Neurotherapeutics 5, no. 3 (2008): 470–80. doi: 10.1016/j.nurt.2008.05.004.

Hession, M., C. Rolland, U. Kulkarni, A. Wise, and J. Broom. “Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Low-Carbohydrate vs. Low-Fat/Low-Calorie Diets in The Management of Obesity and Its Comorbidities.” Obesity Reviews 10, no. 1 (2009): 36–50. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00518.x

Hibbeln, Joseph R., Levi R. G. Nieminen, Tanya L. Blasbalg, Jessica A. Riggs, and William E. M. Lands. “Healthy Intakes of N−3 and N−6 Fatty Acids: Estimations Considering Worldwide Diversity.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 83, no. 6 (2006): S1483–1493S.

Higdon, Jane V., Barbara Delage, David E. Williams, and Roderick H. Dashwood. “Cruciferous Vegetables and Human Cancer Risk: Epidemiologic Evidence and Mechanistic Basis.” Pharmacological Research 55, no. 3 (2007): 224–36.

Hite, Adele H., Richard David Feinman, Gabriel Guzman, Morton Satin, Pamela A. Schoenfeld, and Richard J. Wood. “In the Face of Contradictory Evidence: Report of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Committee.” Nutrition 26, no. 10 (2010): 915–24. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2010.08.012.

Hites, Ronald A., Jeffery A. Foran, Steven J. Schwager, Barbara A. Knuth, M. Coreen Hamilton, and David O. Carpenter.” Global Assessment of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Farmed and Wild Salmon.” Environmental Science & Technology 38, no. 19 (2004): 4945–49. doi: 10.1021/es049548m.

Ho, K. Y., J. D. Veldhuis, M. L. Johnson, R. Furlanetto, W. S. Evans, K. G. Alberti, and M. O. Thorner. “Fasting Enhances Growth Hormone Secretion and Amplifies the Complex Rhythms of Growth Hormone Secretion in Man.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 81, no. 4 (1988): 968–75. doi: 10.1172/JCI113450.

Hoffman, Jay R., and Michael J. Falvo. “Protein–Which Is Best?” Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 3 (2004): 118–130.

Hooijmans, Carlijn R., C. M. Pieternel Pasker-de Jong, Rob B. M. de Vries, and Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga. “The Effects of Long-Term Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Cognition and Alzheimer’s Pathology in Animal Models of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease 28, no. 1 (2012): 191–209. doi: 10.3233/JAD-2011-111217.

Hooper, Lee, Carolyn D. Summerbell, Julian P. T. Higgins, Rachel L. Thompson, Gillian Clements, Nigel Capps, George Davey Smith, Rudolph Riemersma, and Shah Ebrahim. “Reduced or Modified Dietary Fat for Preventing Cardiovascular Disease.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2 (2000): CD002137. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002137.

Howard, Barbara V., Linda Van Horn, Judith Hsia, JoAnn E. Manson, Marcia L. Stefanick, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Lewis H. Kuller et al. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease the Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial.” Journal of the American Medical Association 295, no. 6 (2006): 655–66. doi: 10.1001/jama.295.6.655.

Hu X, R.J. Jandacek, and W.S. White. “Intestinal Absorption of Beta-Carotene Ingested with a Meal Rich in Sunflower Oil or Beef Tallow: Postprandial Appearance in Triacylglycerolrich Lipoproteins in Women.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71, no. 5 (2000): 1170–80.

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Jean Halloran. “The Overuse of Antibiotics in Food Animals Threatens Public Health.” Consumers Union: Policy and Action from Consumer Reports. Published November 9, 2012.

Johnson, James B., Warren Summer, Roy G. Cutler, Bronwen Martin, Dong-Hoon Hyun, Vishwa D. Dixit, Pearson M et al. “Alternate Day Calorie Restriction Improves Clinical Findings and Reduces Markers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Overweight Adults with Moderate Asthma.” Free Radical Biology and Medicine 42, no. 5 (2005): 129–37. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2006.12.005.

Johnston, Carol S., Carol S. Day, and Pamela D. Swan. “Postprandial Thermogenesis Is Increased 100% on a High-Protein, Low-Fat Diet Versus a High-Carbohydrate, Low-Fat Diet in Healthy, Young Women.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition 21, no. 1 (2002):55–61. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2002.10719194.

Johnston, Carol S., Cindy M. Kim, and Amanda J. Buller. “Vinegar Improves Insulin Sensitivity to a High-Carbohydrate Meal in Subjects with Insulin Resistance or Type 2 Diabetes.” Diabetes Care 27, no. 1 (2004): 281–282. doi: 10.2337/diacare.27.1.281.

Johnstone, Alexandra M., Graham W. Horgan, Sandra D. Murison, David M. Bremner, and Gerald E. Lobley. “Effects of a High-Protein Ketogenic Diet on Hunger, Appetite, and Weight Loss in Obese Men Feeding Ad Libitum.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 87, no. 1 (2008) 44–55.

Jones, Peter J. H., Anuradha S. Pappu, Lauren Hatcher, Zi-Chi Li, D. Roger Illingworth, and William E. Connor. “Dietary Cholesterol Feeding Suppresses Human Cholesterol Synthesis Measured by Deuterium Incorporation and Urinary Mevalonic Acid Levels.” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 16, no. 10 (1996): 1222–28. doi: 10.1161/01.ATV.16.10.1222.

Josling, Peter. “Preventing the Common Cold with a Garlic Supplement: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Survey.” Advances in Therapy 18, no. 4 (2001): 189–93. doi: 10.1007/BF02850113.

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